Function of kidney: - Filter blood in the body, don't let waste accumulate in the body. Maintains electrolytes balance in the body. If a person is suffering from any of kidney disease his other body systems like cardiovascular system (Heart), bones etc will also be affected. Accumulation of body waste can lead to damage to other organs as well.

  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Meaning

    CKD is condition in which kidney progressively loses its functions over a period of time. As per study, kidney diseases should have been present for atleast three months to be called as CKD-Chronic Kidney Disease

  • CKD Detection and how it is defined?

    CKD is detected with the blood test to determine kidneys function and urine test to assess kidney damage mainly.

    It has five stages as explained in the following table. All stages duration depends upon the health of the kidneys, which again depend upon the treatment given, and diet. At times dialysis is also recommended by the doctor.

    eGFR is the test with the help of which doctors can determine the rate of filtration done by kidneys. This test infers the function of the kidney if it’s working normally or has reduced its functionality.

    Stage GFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) Health of kidneys
    1 ≥90 kidneys function normally, but the first signs of kidney disease appear
    2 60-89 kidney function is slightly reduced
    3A/3B 45-59 (3A) and 30-44 (3B) kidney function is noticeably reduced
    4 15-29 kidney function is extremely reduced
    5 <15 ESRD, which is also known as End Stage renal failure


  • End Stage Kidney Disease

    Also known as End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). This is the last stage of Chronic kidney disease. This is that time when kidney function reduces to the extent that dialysis or a Kidney transplant is required. 


  • Causes of Kidney Diseases

    Diabetes and High blood pressure are the most common reasons and people with these two are at the risk of kidney disease. There are a number of other reasons such as intake of pain killers or other medicines, poly

  • Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

    There are non-specific symptoms of kidney disease, meaning same symptoms could be the signs of malfunctioning in other organs. Also, it is possible a person is having CKD but symptoms don’t appear. The damage to kidneys occur slowly and gradually may take years.

    • Blood in the urine
    • Foamy urine
    • Weakness, tiredness
    • Puffiness around eyes
    • Swelling in certain parts of body like ankles and feet
    • Insomnia
    • Loss of appetite
    • Cramps


    Apart than chronic disease symptoms, end-stage kidney disease patient shows other symptoms which include: 

    • Abnormally dark or light skin
    • Nail changes
    • Bone pain
    • Problems concentrating, confusion
    • Numbness in the hands, feet, or other areas
    • cramps or muscle twitching
    • Breath odour
    • Easy bruising, nosebleeds, or blood in the stool
    • Excessive thirst
    • Problems with sexual function
    • Menstrual periods stop (amenorrhea)
    • Sleep problems
    • Vomiting, often in the morning
  • Self-preventive measures

    Good diet, regular check-ups.

  • Treatment

    Kidney transplant or Haemodialysis 

  • Other Tests

    ESRD changes results of other tests as well, so people undergoing dialysis may be asked to take another test in routine like

    • Calcium
    • Electrolytes
    • Albumin
    • Magnesium
    • Cholesterol
    • Complete blood count.
  • Emergency Case

    If you need a Nephrologist urgently, call emergency appointment number- +91-9811070007
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  • Doctors Timetable

    Here at Kidney Healers, we have individual doctor's lists. Click read more below to see services and current timetable for our doctors.
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  • Opening Hours

    Dr. Mohit Khirbat is available at Max Hospital, Paras Hospital & W Pratiksha Hospital, Gurgaon from MON – SAT (10 AM-8PM)
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